Even the richest country in the world could not afford to spend (at least) €8 bn on the airport and perhaps as much on the high-speed railways, in
a span of 25 years.
Like in other countries, the airport will be built by a multinational consortium (PPP). Poland's budget will allow the government to participate in the airport project by contributing the land bought up
from farmers. [See useful
European Commission guide on PPP].
The existing railway suited for high-speed services (i.e., CMK) may remain in the hands of the (privatised) State Railways, but the trains will have to be bought and operated by a private company.
The initial section of the trans-European line from Warsaw to Łódź might be built by the government after 2010, but will be operated by a private company. The other high-speed lines will have to
be privately funded.
The new Airport should be built on top of the intersection of the two principal railways of Eastern Europegiving passengers access to high-speed
trains that would bring them to the major destinations of Central and Eastern Europe in a span of two hours, only a couple of miles from the A2 BerlinWarsaw motorway
and its intersection with the Warsaw great ring road as the transit route to the south (Cracow), south-east (LublinLvov), east (Brest, Minsk, Moscow), north-east (Białystok
VilniusRiga) and north (Gdańsk, Kaliningrad).
This particular location would allow a majority of arriving and departing passengers to bypass Warsaw on their way in and out of the airport.